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Joint Core Strategy Issues and Key Questions

9. Glossary of Terms

A
Adoption - the final stage of confirmation of a plan as a statutory document by the local planning authority.
Affordable Housing - low cost housing for sale or rent, often from a housing association, to meet the needs of local people who cannot afford accommodation through the open or low cost market, or subsidised housing.
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty - area designated by Natural England where the primary purpose is the conservation and enhancement of natural beauty including flora, fauna, geology and landscape. The Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Beauty lies in the east of the Joint Core Strategy area.

B
Biodiversity
- a measure of the number and range of species and their relative abundance in an area.
Brownfield Site - land which has been previously developed, including the gardens of houses. Does not include land used for agriculture, allotments or parks.

C
Code for Sustainable Homes - A new national standard for sustainable design and construction of new homeslaunched in December 2006.
Community Infrastructure Levy - a potential list of contributions to infrastructure that a developer would be required to make to get planning permission. It could replace Section 106 Agreements (see below). The Government has consulted on how the Community Infrastructure Levy could work but it is not yet in place.
Conservation Area - an area given statutory protection to preserve and enhance its character.
Consultation - an exercise designed to find out what people and organisations think about a development plan or proposal. Can be a statutory requirement.

D
Density - the number of homes or residential units per hectare. Can also mean the number of square metres per employee.
Development - Changing the use of land. Can be done through building, engineering, mining and other operations.
Development Plan - The documents that determine what development is acceptable in an area. The Development Plan consists of the Regional Spatial Strategy and Development Plan Documents produced at a local level.
Development Plan Documents - Local Development Documents prepared by local planning authorities and outline what are the key development plans for the area. They form part of the Local Development Framework.

E
English Heritage - a national body funded by the Government to promote and give advice on conservation, heritage and archaeology.
Examination - All Development Plan Documents must be examined for "soundness" by the Planning Inspectorate who will consider all comments made by the public and organisations. The Inspector will then report his/her findings.

F

G
General Conformity - the term given to the need for local policies to not contradict or harm the use of policies at a regional or national level. Local Development Documents need to be in "general conformity" with the Regional Spatial Strategy.
Gloucestershire First - the local economic development agency for Gloucestershire.
Gloucestershire Integrated Economic Strategy - a strategy produced by Gloucestershire First that describes how they believe the economy of Gloucestershire will develop.
Green Belt - an area around a settlement that is protected from most forms of development. They are designed to stop urban sprawl and towns from joining into one another.
Green Infrastructure - the term given to the network of green spaces and natural environments between and within urban areas.
Greenfield Site - an area not previously developed. Includes allotments, agricultural land, parks and buildings.

H
Housing Trajectory - A table accompanied by a graph showing our past and future housing performance by identifying the estimated provision of housing over the life of a development plan.

I
Infrastructure - infrastructure is the term given to things such as roads, sewers, schools, hospitals, railways and communication networks that make it possible for communities to work effectively. 

J

K

L
Local Nature Reserve - an area designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 as being important to nature conservation and where the public is encouraged to learn about it.
Local Development Documents - these are documents produced by the local planning authority that form the Local Development Framework.
Local Development Framework - this is the name given to the collection of Local Development Documents produced by the local planning authority that set the planning policy for the area.
Local Plan - these have been replaced by Local Development Frameworks. They were single documents that set out all the local planning policies for an area.
Local Planning Authority - normally the District, Borough or City Council. The Local Planning Authority is responsible for preparing local planning policies and dealing with planning applications. Couty Councils are the Local Planning Authorities with regard to minerals and waste planning.
Local Strategic Partnership - a partnership of people that brings together organisations from the public, private, community and voluntary sector within a local authority area, with the objective of improving people's quality of life. They are responsible for producing the Sustainable Community Strategy (see below).

M
Market Towns - Small to medium-sized country towns that are rural service, social and economic centres. Most also hold or used to hold a regular market. 

N
Natural England - Natural England is the Government's adviser on landscape in England, with responsibility for landscape designations such as National Parks, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Heritage Coasts.

O
Objectives - objectives are what the plan or document is trying to achieve.
Open Space - All space of public value, including public landscaped areas, playing fields, parks, play areas and areas of water, which can be used for recreation and sport or act as a haven for wildlife.

P
Phasing - managing development so that it happens in manageable amounts.
Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 - the Act of Parliamment that brought in the new planning system. It introduced Local Development Frameworks and Regional Spatial Strategies.
Planning Inspector/Inspectorate - an expert appointed by the Government to look at planning appeals and examine Development Plan Documents.
Planning Permission - approval from the Local Planning Authority that a development is acceptable and can take place.
Planning Policy Guidance Notes - documents produced by government that set out guidance to Local Planning Authorities on how they should deal with specific planning issues. Now being replaced by Planning Policy Styatements.
Planning Policy Statements - replacing Planning Policy Guidance Notes. They set national planning policy and are backed up by best practice guidance on how they should be used.
Planning Portal - A national website provided by the government for members of the public, local planning authorities and planning consultants. The Planning Portal features a wide range of information and services on planning.
Previously Developed Land - see Brownfield above.
Public Open Space - areas of formal or semi-formal space protected by Local Planning Authorities for recreation.

Q

R
Renewable Energy - energy generated from resources that are unlimited, rapidly replenished or naturally renewable such as wind, water, sun, wave and refuse, and not from the combustion of fossil fuels.
Regeneration - social, economic and environmental improvement of urban or rural areas.
Regional Planning Body - the body responsible for planning at a regional level. In the South West, this is South West Councils. It used to be known as the South West Regional Assembly.
Regional Spatial Strategies - a planning strategy for the whole region prepared by the Regional Planning Body. The decision to publish the final Regional Spatial Strategy is made by the Secretary of State. The Regional Spatial Strategy sets out broadly where development will take place across the region, including setting housing and employment figures. Local Planning Authorities have to produce plans that are in "general conformity" with the Regional Spatial Strategy.

S
Secretary of State - the Government minister responsible for Communities and Local Government. They have the final say on the publication of the Regional Spatial Strategy.
Section 106 Agreement - Section 106 agreements are legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or offers by a developer, that ensure that extra work required to make a development work are undertaken.
Sites of Specific Scientific Interest - a site identified as an area of special interest due to its flora, fauna, geological or landscape features.
Soundness - to be considered sound, a Development Plan Document must be justified  and effective. The "Soundness" of a document is tested by the Planning Inspector at the Examination in Public.
South West Region - Gloucestershire is at the very north of the South West Region, which extends from Bournemouth in the south east, to Gloucestershire in the north and Cornwall in the west.
Spatial Planning - spatial planning brings together policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they work.
Spatial Portrait - a pen picture of the place at the start of the plan period. Says what the place is like now.
Statutory - Required by law.
Strategic Allocation - an area that is allocated in a plan or policy that is vital to its delivery.
Strategically Significant Cities and Towns - cities and towns that are important at a regional level. They have been identified in the Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West as being the main areas for growth in the region.
Strategic Environmental Assessment - a process that assesses whether a plan or policy is likely to have a harmful effect on the environment. It is required by the European Union. It is commonly included in Sustainability Appraisal in England and Wales.
Strategic Flood Risk Assessment - a two stage assessment that looks at the likelihood of an area suffering from flooding. The first stage looks at a wide area, the second at specific vulnerable sites.
Surface Water Management Plan - a plan showing how an area is likely to be affected by surface water flooding and how this could be improved.
Sustainability Appraisal - a process which appraises the social, economic and environmental sustainability of plans and policies brought in by the 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act. It is common practice to combine this process with Strategic Environmental Assessment (above).
Sustainability Objectives - a set of objectives (see above) set out during the Sustainability Appraisal process that the plan or policy will be measured against.
Sustainable Communities - places where people want to live and work both now and in the future.
Sustainable Community Strategy - a strategy produced by the Local Strategic Partnership that seeks to create places where people want to live and work.
Sustainable Development - development that meets the needs of today without compromising the needs of tomorrow.
Sustainable Urban Drainage Schemes - a way of ensuring that water does not run-off too quickly from buildings and hard surfaces. It should reduce surface water flooding.
Sustainable Transport - methods of transport that are more efficient than the private car, such as busses and trains or walking and cycling - can also include lift-sharing.

T
Threshold - a point above or below which a policy is applied.
Town Centre Uses - things you would expect to find in a town centre such as shops, leisure uses and offices.
Town and City Centres - normally the main shopping, leisure and office area of a city or town.
Travel to Work Area - indicates the area around a centre where people are reasonably likely to consider commuting from.

U
Urban Extension - a planned expansion of an existing urban area.
Urban Regeneration Company - a body that combines different organisations with the aim of improving an urban area. Gloucester has the only heritage based urban regeneration company.
Urban Sprawl - uncontrolled expansion of the urban area.

V
Viability - whether or not something can be achieved. Often refers to whether or not a development can be a commercial success.
Vision - a pen picture of how the place will look at the end of the plan period. Says what the place will be like in the future.
Vitality - the liveliness of an area.

W
White Land - a general description for an area that is not covered by any planning policies. It is often used to refer to open countryside that is not Green Belt or covered by any other restrictive policy.

X

Y

Z



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